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Ford F-150 (2013) Wiper System & Washer System

How does a windshield wiper work?

The wiper system is activated by the wiper/washer switch. The wiper/washer switch is mounted to the SCCM. The SCCM commands the windshield wiper motor to activate the appropriate low, high and intermittent modes. When commanded by the SCCM, the windshield wiper motor activates the rear window wiper motor INT 1 and INT 2 modes.

How does a washer work?

The washer system is activated by the wiper/washer switch. The wiper/washer switch is mounted to the SCCM. The SCCM commands the windshield wiper motor to activate the appropriate front or rear wash modes. The front and rear washer system share the same washer reservoir and a bi-directional washer pump. The windshield wiper motor controls the direction of the washer pump to direct washer fluid to the windshield or rear window.

When the windshield washer system is activated, the wipers cycle 3 times with washer fluid, followed by one final wipe a few seconds later to clear any remaining fluid that is dripping from the top of the windshield. This feature can be enabled/disabled through the message center. For additional information on enabling/disabling this feature, refer to the Owner's Literature.

When equipped, the rain sensitive wiper feature replaces the intermittent wiper feature. The rain sensitive feature is active when the wiper/washer switch is in any of the 5 auto/intermittent sensitivity settings. The setting closest to OFF is the least sensitive to moisture, the highest setting being the most sensitive to moisture.
The rain sensitive wiper feature can be turned enabled/disabled through the message center.
When the rain sensitive wipers are disabled from the message center, or the windshield wiper motor detects a fault with the rain sensor input, the windshield wiper motor changes to a default intermittent mode. The timing of the wipers correspond to a standard intermittent setting based on the auto/intermittent sensitivity setting on the wiper/washer switch.
The rain sensor is located on the windshield next to the rear view mirror. A gel-type lens is used as the interface between the rain sensor and the windshield. The rain sensor gel-type lens is part of the rain sensor and cannot be replaced separately on a rain sensor of this type.

Ford F-150 Wiper and Washer Circuit

The speed dependent feature increases the frequency of wiping to compensate for the extra moisture that accumulates on the windshield as the vehicle speed increases. This feature activates when the wiper/washer switch is in any intermittent setting except the INT 1 position. As vehicle speed increases, the speed dependent feature gradually shortens the delay between wipes.

FRONT VIDEO CAMERA WASHER SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)

When the wiper/washer switch is placed in the CAMERA WASH position, the windshield wiper motor activates the washer pump to direct washer fluid at the front video camera lens.